The Hellenistic Settlements in Syria, the Red Sea Basin, and North Africa

The Hellenistic Settlements in Syria, the Red Sea Basin, and North Africa

Getzel M. Cohen

Language: English

Pages: 501

ISBN: 0520241487

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

This authoritative and sweeping compendium, the second volume in Getzel Cohen's organized survey of the Greek settlements founded or refounded in the Hellenistic period, provides historical narratives, detailed references, citations, and commentaries on all the settlements in Syria, The Red Sea Basin, and North Africa from 331 to 31 BCE. Organized geographically, the volume pulls together discoveries and debates from dozens of widely scattered archaeological and epigraphic projects. Cohen's magisterial breadth of focus enables him to provide more than a compilation of information; the volume also contributes to ongoing questions and will point the way toward new avenues of inquiry.

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regions at different times.51 Let us briefly consider the various designations in the pre-Roman period from a chronological perspective. The term Koivlh Suriva (i.e., “Hollow Syria”) is first attested in the extant sources around the beginning of the fourth century in Ctesias (in Diod. 2.2.3). However, the use of the term koivlh to indicate a depression can be found, with reference to Greece, in much earlier sources: for example, Homer has koivlh Lakedaivmwn (Il. 2.581 and Od. 4.1); Herodotus,

the tower of Babel and the dispersion of people, Josephus remarks: “Of the nations some still preserve the names which were given them by their founders, some have changed them, 131. The only definite evidence extant for the cult of Alexander the Founder is late, dating to 120/1 a.d. (SB III 6611 and Habicht, Gott.2, 36). From the Ptolemaic period, note P. Hal. 242–45, that a fixed amount in the sale of property was to be “sacred to Alexander”; this may also be an allusion to the founder cult. See,

a.d. It has two parts, the Epitome or Chronography, and the Canons.9 The first part, the Chronography, consists of a general preface followed by brief discussions of the chronological systems of the different peoples of the ancient Mediterranean world together with lists of kings. Eusebius begins the discussion with the Chaldaeans, the Assyrians, then Jewish history, Egypt, Greek history, and Roman history. The primary technique employed in the Chronography is quotation followed by the

Syria Pliny (NH 5.82) mentions Seleukeia near Belos (“Seleucia . . . ad Belum”).1 Unfortunately he provides no further information. Thus we do not know when it was founded or by whom. The toponym suggests Seleukos I Nikator or his son Antiochos I may have been the founder; but this is speculation. Although the precise site is also not known, the most likely suggestion points to the region of APAMEIA.2 * * * * In general see Tcherikover, HS, 57; Honigmann, RE s.v. “Seleukeia 3”; Dussaud,

Kleinasiens, ed. G. Dobesch and G. Rehrenböck (Vienna, 1993) 183, 367, no. 5; E. Levante in Internationales Kolloquium zur kaiserzeitlichen Münzprägung Kleinasiens, ed. J. Nollé et al. (Milan, 1997) 44; R. Ziegler, EA 33 (2001) 95–103. 2. For Rhosos see, for example, Rigsby, Asylia, 472–73. For the identification of Rhosos as the renamed Seleukeia see Levante in Internationales Kolloquium, 44; and Ziegler, EA 33 (2001) 100–101. For the founder see Ziegler, 101–2. Note that earlier Tcherikover had

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